Interior design is the art and science of understanding people’s behavior to create functional spaces within a building such as houses, public buildings and commercial properties such as shops, restaurants, leisure venues, exhibition and offices.
The work of the interior designer is very important because a good design will not only make a space look and function better, it can have a significant impact on mood and wellbeing.
Some examples are:
- In an office, proper lighting and design may boost productivity.
- In hospitals, the patients feel better, calmer and recover faster with the help of good interior design.
- A restaurant with the right colours can actually increase appetite of the customers.
- Companies use the services of interior designers when designing their building or offices to reflect status, ambition and taste.
- Good interior design not only benefits the occupant of the space, it also increases the value of a property.
Qualities You Need to Become a Good Interior Designer
A career in Interior design is both lucrative and fulfilling. In order to excel in this field, you need to be good in three areas :
Artistic and Creative
The imaginative use of, colour, pattern, texture, light and space is central to an interior designer’s practice. It isn’t just about home decoration. They need to create designs that are functional, beautiful to look at and increase the occupants’ quality of life. Creativity is important because very often they faced budget constraints, regulatory requirements, cultural boundaries and the limitation of physical location.
They also need good drawing skills to present their ideas to their clients. Knowledge of materials, colours and lighting are very important to create the right atmosphere. An effective interior designer also needs to have knowledge on green technology, building codes and health and safety issues.
Communications and Management Skills
Interior designers need to be good communicators as they meet all types of client and often work in groups – architects, contractors and other service providers in the process of delivering what the clients want. They need to be able to solve problems and get the projects done on time and within budget. They need to do all at the same time maintain good client relationship.
How do you know if you have interest in this field? If you answer yes to the majority of the questions below:
- Do you tend to take notice of your architecture and design of your surroundings?
- Do you like to design or redesign your personal space?
- Have you been involved in redesigning the interior of your room, house, school, etc.
- Are you creative or artistic?
Bachelor Degree in Interior Design
Some common subjects in most universities offering graphic design courses are as follows:
- Colour theory
- Two- and three-dimensional design principles
- Drawing methods and techniques
- Application of interior design elements and principles
- Programming, schematic design, and conceptual design
- Material selection
- Human factors
- Space planning
- Electrical or lighting
- Drafting symbols, isometric and oblique drawings
- A study of textiles and materials
- History of Architecture and Interiors
- Green building concepts
- Design of residential and commercial furniture
- Design of commercial spaces
The traditional role of pharmacists is to dispense prescription medication to patients. They provide information on the drugs to the patients and the instructions to take these medications. Essentially, pharmacists Over the last 25 years, the field of pharmacy has expanded to help people with almost anything related to the use of medicines, which means they help people to stay as healthy as possible.
Pharmacist works in a wide variety of settings such as hospitals, veterinary pharmacies and even the military.
As population grows especially the increase in the number of old people, there is an increase demand for pharmacists. Today, more and more people are taking prescription drugs to manage chronic or long-term disease conditions. Pharmacists help patients to manage their medications.
Qualities of a Successful Pharmacists
If you have the following qualities, a career in pharmacy may be suitable for you:
Interested in science and mathematics
- Enjoy interacting with people
- Good communicator
- Desire to help others
- Careful and detailed oriented
Subjects Taught in Pharmacy Course
University students enrolled for a Bachelor Degree program in Pharmacy will learn the following common subjects:
- Biochemistry and Microbiology
- Human Anatomy and Physiology
- Pharmacy Practice and Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Public Health Care
- Metabolism and Nutrition
- Infectious Diseases and Immunology
- Cardiovascular and Renal Therapeutics
- ENT, Eyes and Respiratory Pharmacy
- Nervous System and Mental Health for Pharmacists
- Endocrine and Reproductive Pharmacy
- Oncology, Haematology and Toxicology for Pharmacists
Graphic design is a creative process that uses visual elements to communicate ideas through print and electronic media. Designers often combine both the use of images and typography to communicate a client’s message to an audience.
The goal of the graphic designer is effective communication to help clients achieve certain specific objectives such building a corporate brand image, make customer feel good about the company or products, or increasing sales. In achieving these goals a graphic designer not only needs to be creative but need to be able to put themselves into the minds of their audience in order to understand and influence them.
Graphic designers work with letters, colour, patterns, illustration, photography and physical materials to communicate ideas and messages through printed materials, corporate logos, product packaging and digital interfaces.
Career in Graphic Design
Graphic design skills are used in many areas – anything that uses visual communication could be created by a graphic designer. As such, graphic designers are employed in a wide variety of work such as designing magazines and newspapers, websites, packaging, promotional displays and marketing materials. Graphic designers work for advertising and publishing firms. Below are some title given to graphic designers:
- Graphic Art Managers
- Creative Director
- Art Director
- Art Production Manager
- Broadcast Designer
- Logo Designer
- Multimedia Developer
- Content Developer
- Layout artist
- Web Designer
- Package Designer
Qualities of a Good Graphic Designer
A graphic designer needs to have creative flair and artistic abilities when using typography, imagery and layout to effectively deliver the right ideas and messages. Also, they need to be familiar with the latest computer software.
An effective graphic designer needs to have the ability to communicate with clients, understand their needs and business objectives, and also learning about its products, market and its competitors.
Graphic designers work in teams. Hence teamwork and management skills are important when working in collaboration with photographers, software coders, copywriters, printers, account managers, creative directors and other designer.
A University Degree in Graphic Design usually covers the following subjects:
- Computing and Design Software
- Principles of drawing and design
- Colour Theory
- Design and Culture
- Graphic Design and Communication
- Print Media
- Visual Communication and Imaging
- Graphics for Products and Spaces
- Integrated Visual Systems
- Print and Pre-Press Portfolio
- Digital and web design
- Textile design
- Advertising and art direction
Fashion design is the applied art devoted to the designing of clothing and lifestyle accessories. Fashion designers can specialized in any of these three areas:
- Clothing such as dress, suit, pant, skirt and blouse.
- Accessories such as shoes, shawls, fashion bags and neck wear.
- Jewelry such as necklaces, earrings, bracelets and piercings.
They design clothes that are functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. In order to perform this role effectively, they must consider the user of the garment and the situations in which it will be worn taking into consideration the culture and social settings.
A Career in Fashion Design
If you want to become a fashion designer, you will need to be creative, imaginative and artistic. You must be able to sketch, plan and produce a garment that emphasizes both function and beauty.
It is also a demanding career because you need to combine your creativity with managerial skills to sustain in this industry. People who work in this field must have good communication skills and project management skills, and enjoy working in teams. As a fashion designer you may have many different types of job title depending on your specific responsibilities in your workplace.
You can work in the capacity of fashion designer and merchandising, fashion forecasting, promotion, marketing, sketcher, stylist, pattern maker, technical designer, purchasing officer and fashion illustrator.
If you interested to be fashion designer, you can enroll in a diploma or degree program where students study the skills needed in the workplace. A typical degree program in this field will cover the following subjects:
- Principles of Illustration
- Apparel Designing
- Pattern Making
- Sewing Technology
- Psychology in Fashion
- Fabric Structure
- Garment Design
- Quality Control in Fashion Design
- Ornaments and Accessories
- Computer Aided Design
- Bespoke tailoring
- Textile printing
- Career preparation and professional skills
- Portfolio Development
Biotechnology is the research-oriented science including a fusion of biology and technology. The science of biotechnology is also used to alter genetic information in animals and plants to improve them in some way that benefits people. Analysts have predicted that biotechnology will be one of the most important applied sciences of the 21st century.
What does Biotechnology Degree Courses Teach?
Since biotechnology is an interdisciplinary study, university students get to study a large variety of subjects including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry, Virology, Immunology and Engineering.
Other common subjects in a typical biotechnology degree include health and medicine, crop management, agriculture and animal husbandry, soil science and soil conservation, ecology, bio-statistics, cell biology, seed technology and plant physiology.
It is the entry requirement of most universities that a student need to have basic knowledge in Science before gaining entry into the course. Hence, degree programs usually require the student to take science related courses such as biology, chemistry and physics in their pre-university studies.
Graduates in biotechnology can gain employment in research and development to manufacturing and production; information systems; regulatory affairs and administration.
Research and Development – research scientist, research associate, laboratory specialist.
Product Development – Product specialist, environment or safety specialist, quality controller
Regulatory Related Work – Regulatory affair specialist, patent agent
Marketing – Advertiser, PR officer, sales representative
Business owner – Entrepreneur, venture capitalist
A dentist scope of work involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of numerous dental problems and diseases of the teeth, gums and mouth. Their work also includes the correction of missing and faulty teeth.
In their daily work with patients, a dentist need to provide diagnosis on the health of the teeth and to take corrective measures such as removing teeth, filling cavities, treating gum infections, etc. Sometimes surgery may be needed to treat jaw fractures. A dentist also needs to advise patients how to maintain good oral hygiene and to take preventive measures to address specific issues in dental care.
Specialisation in dentistry
After completing a basic degree, some dentist choose to become more involved in a specialized area. Some common specialization for dentists includes orthodontists, oral surgeons, pediatric dentists, periodontists, prosthodontists, endodontists, public health dentists, oral pathologists and oral radiologists.
What requirement is needed to become a successful dentist?
Manual dexterity is a requirement, since delicate work must be performed quickly and with care. Apart from that a dentists personality is also important because patients are human beings and care and concern goes a long way in making patients feel comfortable. Good communication skills are a bonus.
Subjects in Dentistry
Some common subjects taught in a university dentistry degree course include
- General Anatomy and Physiology
- Dental Pathology
- Dental Pathology
- Preventive Dentistry
- Dental Procedures
- Dental Materials
- Dental Radiograph
Usually, students are also required to take up subjects that will help them relate better with their clients in the future such as sociology, psychology, communication skills etc.
Employment opportunities can be found in both public and private sectors that including
- Government hospitals
- Private Oral Health Clinic
- Government Health Services or Community Health Centre
- Dental Colleges and Universities
A Company Secretary has nothing to do with regular secretarial work. A company secretary (also known as corporate secretary in certain countries) is a senior position in a private company or public organization, normally in the form of a managerial position or above. The work of a Company Secretary covers a wide variety of functions. In essence a company secretary acts as a vital link between the Company, the Board of Directors, shareholders, governmental and regulatory agencies. They are responsible for the efficient administration of a company, particularly with regard to ensuring compliance with statutory and regulatory requirements and for ensuring that decisions of the Board of Directors are implemented.
Who can become a Company Secretary?
In order to become a company secretary, a person has to enroll and sit for examination by professional bodies such as ICSA (The Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators). The organisation is the international qualifying and membership body for the Chartered Secretary profession and the world’s leading authority on governance and compliance.
In most countries, companies are required by law to hire a company secretary to perform cetain statutory duties. As the number of new companies increase, the employment potential in the corporate sector goes up accordingly.
Apart from private sector, openings are also available in government sectors, in bodies like in the Bureau or Registrar responsible for the setup and maintenance of company records. Another career option for graduates of company secretarial courses is to be a college or university lecturer. A career course of Company Secretary is not only prestigious but is also financially rewarding. Given adequate experience, a professional company secretary can work his or her way up to head a company.
Entrepreneurs are people who start new businesses and test out their business ideas and put it to work in a competitive economy. Inherently, they need to take on the risk associated with the new business. Correspondingly, they also reap the rewards if the business is successful.
Diploma and Degree in Entrepreneurship
Before starting a business, you may want to consider taking up a diploma or degree course in entrepreneurship. The course will expose you to basic business and management concepts that will be helpful when you start your business in the future. A typical entrepreneur course in college or university teaches students the following knowledge:
- Preparation of a Business Plan
- Analysis of business problems and problems-solving methods
- Formulation and implementation of business strategies
- Understanding the business environment and how it affects the business
- Sales and marketing
- Human resource management
- Basic Accounting Knowledge
- Communication skills
Is the course suitable for you?
The job of entrepreneur is not for everyone. You need to be hard-working, smart, creative, risk-taker and sociable. You need to have initiative, motivation and drive. Several traits and attitudes that make a successful entrepreneur are:
- Perseverance – unwilling to give up easily despite encountering setbacks or failures
- Desire and willingness to take initiative
- Highly competitive
- Self-reliance and confident
- Willing to work long hours and make necessary sacrifices
A graduate with a diploma or degree in entrepreneurship can choose to work for others or be in business for themselves.
Most graduates begin by working for others. It is always a good idea to work for others first to “learn the ropes” i.e. gain experience and learn the day to day operations of a real business. Upon gathering enough practical knowledge and network, some graduates will set up their own businesses. Some graduates work in his or her family business and apply the knowledge learned from the course to expand the family business.
Alternatively, you can also choose NOT to start a business but remain in employment. Many existing companies require employees with entrepreneurship qualification to work as project manager, business planning consultant, business development manager, etc.
Chemistry is the science of matter. It is concerned with the composition, behavior, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions. Its studies involve atoms, molecules, crystals and other aggregates of matter.
What Does a Chemists Do?
The answer depends on what kind of chemist. Basically there are four general categories of chemists, namely:
Analytical chemists. They study a substance to determine its structure, composition and nature
Organic chemists. They study the chemistry of carbon-based compounds. (All living things are made out of carbon-based compound).
Inorganic chemists. They study the chemistry of non carbon-based compounds such as rocks, minerals and other non living organism.
Medical chemists. They study the structural properties of compounds for the purpose of producing medicine.
Materials chemists. They develop new materials to improve existing products or make new ones for the benefits of society.
Careers opportunities in the future
Since the field of chemistry is wide, there are diverse job opportunities for graduates in chemistry. Work titles common among chemistry graduates include agricultural Chemist, Analytical Chemist, Biochemist, Biotechnology chemist, Chemical Engineer, Chemical Information Specialists, Chemical Salesperson, Product Development Consultant, Consumer Product Chemist etc.
The curriculum of a typical chemistry degree program combines basic chemistry courses and lab work. Some possible classes that chemistry student take include:
- General chemistry
- General physics
- Inorganic chemistry
- Organic chemistry
- Analytical chemistry
- Physical chemistry
- Computer science
Specialisation within the subject of chemistry may include the following subjects:
- Structural chemistry
- Organic chemistry
- analytical chemistry
In addition to the theoretical knowledge, students will have to do laboratory work, group work or project work, and study trips to gain knowledge in research methodology and the industry.
In recent years, the banking industry has undergone major changes. While the banking industry has been consolidating, it is important to note that commercial banking sector stills employ more people than any other part of the financial services industry.
If you are interested to work in a commercial bank or in the financial services industry, you may want to consider enrolling yourself in a banking and finance course. These courses are structured to help students gain knowledge and expertise in the field of banking and finance. Upon completion of the course, students can apply the knowledge learned to carry out their duties and responsibilities in a professional manner as required of banking and finance industry.
Are you suitable for this course?
Jobs in banking can be exciting and offer excellent opportunities for advancement. However, it is not without its challenges. To be successful, you will need certain personality traits. A suitable person for the finance and banking industry would be someone who loves the challenging work and can adapt to change easily. The industry is very competitive and to excel in it you will need to have very high initiative and drive. Being good in numbers and having good analytical ability are important requirements. Good communication skills are also needed as you will need to interpret financial data and communicate your findings to others.
Diploma or Degree in Finance and Banking
In a typical Finance course, students study the following courses:
- Monetary and Financial System
- Marketing of Financial Services
- Business Finance
- Bank Treasury Management
- Strategic Issues in Financial Services
- Financial Statement Analysis
- Current regulations in the banking industry
Career opportunities in Finance and Banking
Due to the high demand for employees with financial knowledge, there are excellent career opportunities awaiting graduates in finance and banking. Many finance graduates can work in banking and financial institutions. They can be found working in the areas of credit processing, mortgage sales, treasury services and even customer relations. Many graduates begins to fill managerial positions in their company after a few short years of employment.
Apart from employment, you can also be working for yourself. Many graduates are already working independently in the financial industry, providing financial consultancy to companies and individuals.