Biotechnology is the research-oriented science including a fusion of biology and technology. The science of biotechnology is also used to alter genetic information in animals and plants to improve them in some way that benefits people. Analysts have predicted that biotechnology will be one of the most important applied sciences of the 21st century.
What does Biotechnology Degree Courses Teach?
Since biotechnology is an interdisciplinary study, university students get to study a large variety of subjects including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry, Virology, Immunology and Engineering.
Other common subjects in a typical biotechnology degree include health and medicine, crop management, agriculture and animal husbandry, soil science and soil conservation, ecology, bio-statistics, cell biology, seed technology and plant physiology.
It is the entry requirement of most universities that a student need to have basic knowledge in Science before gaining entry into the course. Hence, degree programs usually require the student to take science related courses such as biology, chemistry and physics in their pre-university studies.
Graduates in biotechnology can gain employment in research and development to manufacturing and production; information systems; regulatory affairs and administration.
Research and Development – research scientist, research associate, laboratory specialist.
Product Development – Product specialist, environment or safety specialist, quality controller
Regulatory Related Work – Regulatory affair specialist, patent agent
Marketing – Advertiser, PR officer, sales representative
Business owner – Entrepreneur, venture capitalist