The branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity, especially the design and application of circuitry and equipment for power generation and distribution, machine control, and communications. It is sometimes referred to as electrical and electronic engineering. It is concerned with the basic forms of energy that run our world. Whether it’s gas, hydro, turbine, fuel cell, solar, geothermal, or wind energy, electrical engineers deal with distributing these energies from their sources to our homes, factories, offices, hospitals, and schools.
Electrical Engineers design complex power system and electronic circuits. Electrical engineering also involves the exciting field of electronics and information technology. Electrical engineers design computers and incorporate them into devices and systems.
An electrical engineer has many potential job functions but most work on designing products that are powered by or produce electricity. They design two-way communications systems such as telephones and fiber-optic systems, and one-way communications systems such as radio and television, including satellite systems. They design control systems, such as aircraft collision-avoidance systems, and a variety of systems used in medical electronics. Wireless communication and the Internet are just a few areas electrical engineering has helped flourish, by developing better phones, more powerful computers, and high-speed modems.
Electrical engineers typically possess an academic degree with a major in electrical engineering. The length of study for such a degree is usually four or five years and the completed degree may be designated as a Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Technology or Bachelor of Applied Science depending upon the university.
Bachelor’s degree programs in electrical engineering offer students a comprehensive understanding of the math and physics at the heart of their profession. A typical electrical engineering curriculum spans the math and science worlds. Many programs include the following courses:
- Computer science
- Digital circuits design
- Linear circuit theory
- Probability and Statistics
- Electronic design
Is Electrical Engineering Right for You?
You must be creative and naturally curious. If you enjoy taking things apart, seeing how they work, and then putting them back together again, electrical engineering might be a good career choice for you. You must enjoy dabbling in mathematics and science in school, and be able to articulate your ideas lucidly and write fairly well. Electrical engineers often work in groups, so a great deal of teamwork is required from them
Application engineers work with whatever resources are available, adapting existing equipment and technologies to fulfill the needs of their employers. They need to be resourceful, while counting on their deep understanding of the capabilities and the potential modifications of existing equipment.