Interior design is the art and science of understanding people’s behavior to create functional spaces within a building such as houses, public buildings and commercial properties such as shops, restaurants, leisure venues, exhibition and offices.
The work of the interior designer is very important because a good design will not only make a space look and function better, it can have a significant impact on mood and wellbeing.
Some examples are:
- In an office, proper lighting and design may boost productivity.
- In hospitals, the patients feel better, calmer and recover faster with the help of good interior design.
- A restaurant with the right colours can actually increase appetite of the customers.
- Companies use the services of interior designers when designing their building or offices to reflect status, ambition and taste.
- Good interior design not only benefits the occupant of the space, it also increases the value of a property.
Qualities You Need to Become a Good Interior Designer
A career in Interior design is both lucrative and fulfilling. In order to excel in this field, you need to be good in three areas :
Artistic and Creative
The imaginative use of, colour, pattern, texture, light and space is central to an interior designer’s practice. It isn’t just about home decoration. They need to create designs that are functional, beautiful to look at and increase the occupants’ quality of life. Creativity is important because very often they faced budget constraints, regulatory requirements, cultural boundaries and the limitation of physical location.
They also need good drawing skills to present their ideas to their clients. Knowledge of materials, colours and lighting are very important to create the right atmosphere. An effective interior designer also needs to have knowledge on green technology, building codes and health and safety issues.
Communications and Management Skills
Interior designers need to be good communicators as they meet all types of client and often work in groups – architects, contractors and other service providers in the process of delivering what the clients want. They need to be able to solve problems and get the projects done on time and within budget. They need to do all at the same time maintain good client relationship.
How do you know if you have interest in this field? If you answer yes to the majority of the questions below:
- Do you tend to take notice of your architecture and design of your surroundings?
- Do you like to design or redesign your personal space?
- Have you been involved in redesigning the interior of your room, house, school, etc.
- Are you creative or artistic?
Bachelor Degree in Interior Design
Some common subjects in most universities offering graphic design courses are as follows:
- Colour theory
- Two- and three-dimensional design principles
- Drawing methods and techniques
- Application of interior design elements and principles
- Programming, schematic design, and conceptual design
- Material selection
- Human factors
- Space planning
- Electrical or lighting
- Drafting symbols, isometric and oblique drawings
- A study of textiles and materials
- History of Architecture and Interiors
- Green building concepts
- Design of residential and commercial furniture
- Design of commercial spaces