Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. Nurses care for individuals who are healthy and ill, of all ages and cultural backgrounds, and who have physical, emotional, psychological, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs. The profession combines physical science, social science, nursing theory, and technology in caring for those individuals. Nurses are highly in demand in many different sectors of the health services industry.
The career outlook for nurses is very positive as more new jobs are expected to be generated in the nursing field than in any other occupation. The factors contributing to this growth include advances in medical technology and the growing aging population.
Bachelor Degree in Nursing
A bachelor’s degree is likely to be necessary in order to maximize career opportunities. For one thing, the more trained in a specialty a nurse is, the more valuable that skill set will be in the marketplace. For another thing, opportunities for advancement and supervisory responsibilities are more likely to go to nurses with a four-year degree or better.
Typical Course Curriculum for a Nursing Curriculum Degree:
- Human anatomy
- Nursing care of children
- Nursing care of the elderly
- Mental health nursing
- Community health systems
- Elderly nursing
- Psychological nursing
- Healthcare systems administration
- Family nursing
A nursing graduate can choose one of the following paths:
Hospital Nurses. Hospital nurses are the largest population of registered nurses. Most hospital nurses are commonly assigned to one area of the hospital such as maternity, surgery, pediatrics, emergency room, intensive care, or others. The duties of a hospital nurse usually include bedside care and the execution of medical regimens.
Office Nurses. The duties of an office nurse primarily consist of outpatient care, such as preparing patients for examinations, assisting with examinations, administering medications, giving injections, dressing wounds, and managing patients’ records. Office nurses may also be required to do paperwork.
Nursing Facility Nurses. Registered nurses working in a nursing facility may develop plans for treatments, supervise nursing aides and licensed practical nurses, and administer medications or invasive procedures.
Home Health Nurses. Some health nurses work in patients’ homes, providing appropriate nursing services. Home health nurses may provide care for patients in many different situations, including patients suffering from illness or injury, or recovering from childbirth.
Public Health Nurses. Public health nurses focus on the health of individuals, families, and groups, in an effort to improve general community well-being. Public health nurses work in private or government agencies like clinics, retirement communities, and schools. They are often responsible for developing and implementing community health programs such as disseminating information on nutrition to families and communities, immunizations exercise, testing, and health screening to the community.
Occupational Health Nurses. Occupational nurses give nursing care at worksites to employees, patrons of the worksite, and others. Occupational nurses may also be required to give counseling about health-related issues, administer examinations, and evaluate working environments for health hazards.